Lamentations can be seen as an image of our experiences of hurt. We are suffering in ways that feel totally overwhelming and impossible, yet in looking at the experiences of others – especially those in Scripture – we can find examples of how others responded and felt in their moments of need.
Academia without personal impact is a hollow image of what Scriptural study is meant to look like. This week for our Deeper Look, we want to invite you to interact with certain passages of Lamentations on a more personal level. Take each section at your own pace – engaging with the text, and then engaging with how it gives you a deeper look into your own life. May this be as a revealing experience for you in your journey of faith as it has been in our lives here at Waypoint.
Addressing Our Own Brokenness.
There are times when we are broken, and nothing is going to change the fact, that right here, right now, things are not right.
“All her people groan
as they search for bread;
they trade their treasures for food
to revive their strength.
Look, O Lord, and see
how worthless I have become.”
-Lamentations 1:11 (NRSV)
What do we do when we are broken? Is admitting brokenness the same thing as admitting failure?
Losing Sight of Ourselves.
Sometimes brokenness can cause a person to lose sight of who they are, and who they could be.
“See, O Lord, how distressed I am;
my stomach churns,
my heart is wrung within me,
because I have been very rebellious.
In the street the sword bereaves;
in the house it is like death.”
- Lamentations 1:20 (NRSV)
Why do we feel so distressed by brokenness and mistakes in our lives? How can we recover a vision of who we were meant to be in life?
Silence can feel like inaction, but there are times when silence is the only option.
“The elders of daughter Zion
sit on the ground in silence;
they have thrown dust on their heads
and put on sackcloth;
the young girls of Jerusalem
have bowed their heads to the ground.”
– Lamentations 2:10 (NRSV)
What other Scriptures are you reminded of when you engage with this passage? What sorts of emotions and memories does this evoke in your life?
A Cry for Justice.
When we are faced with deep sorrow and lament, sometimes our only response is to pour out our hearts in agony.
“Arise, cry out in the night,
at the beginning of the watches!
Pour out your heart like water
before the presence of the Lord!
Lift your hands to him
for the lives of your children,
who faint for hunger
at the head of every street.”
Have you ever experienced a moment of lament that caused you to cry out in this way? If so, how did it feel to call out to God in that way? If not, when you have experienced deep sorrow, how did you respond?
“Let us test and examine our ways,
and return to the Lord.”
– Lamentations 3:40
What path are you walking on in life? Is the direction you are heading, the direction that that you want to be going in? How can you change your life to look more like Christ?
A cry for our Enemies.
“You have taken up my cause, O Lord,
you have redeemed my life.
You have seen the wrong done to me, O Lord;
judge my cause.”
– Lamentations 3:58-59
Who would you identify as those who would be considered your enemies? Why do you view them in this way? Have you ever taken the time to pray for those who would seek to harm you? What do you think would happen if you took the time to genuinely and earnestly pray for them?
Keep digging deeper, and learning more about faith, the Scriptures, and discerning how you fit into this incredible plan.
Read this passage here.
The book of Romans is simply a small part of the larger works of Paul as a teacher and theologian. However, this passage in particular exposes one of the staple aspects of Paul’s theological framework: Old Covenant versus New Covenant. While this is not the only place in which this theology is made known, it is in the book of Romans that it fits into the greater context of the legal position of humanity before the righteous God and Judge.
Main Aspects of the Text
In this section of text, Romans 8:1-4, there are many surface level aspects which the reader can easily identify. This being said, there are also several other layers which are at work. This is not to say that there is hidden wisdom or such foolishness at work, but rather to say that at first glance, the main interaction and outcome of the text can be overlooked. While ultimately both levels will be components of the greater event that is taking place in this pericope of Scripture.
Main Interaction in Passage
Looking at the text, there is a very clear interaction between God and the Law that takes place. It is the work of God the Father through Christ Jesus that gives the freedom from the condemnation of the Law. This is especially clear in verse 2 which states, “Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death” (Rom. 8:2, NRSV).
John Stott supports this as a primary interaction which takes place in this passage. He describes this instance saying that “to be liberated from the law of sin and death through Christ is to be no longer ‘under the law.’” This law that God Himself had instituted, a law now seen as death, is to be replaced by the work of Christ in the life of those who live “not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit” (Rom. 8:4, NRSV).
This verse brings up a rather interesting occurrence in this passage that should not be overlooked. This is the alternative main interaction in this passage: the law of the Spirit and the law of sin and death. While it still bears the idea that God is interacting with the law, there is more of an indication of Covenantal Theology in the second possibility of the main interaction in this text. Given the Jewish origin of Paul’s faith, and other Jewish references in the book of Romans, this interaction may be seen as a more prominent interaction.
In the passage of Scripture itself, this makes little difference as God is still the active force involved, and the act still takes place on behalf of humanity. Going back to verse 2, which was mentioned earlier in this section, the text says more than Christ alone setting a person free as Stott supported initially. In fact, the text boldly claims that it was the “law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus” (Rom. 8:2, NRSV) which has set free those who would live according to the Spirit.
This interpretation fits better in terms of other passage of Scripture which speak about the law. Matthew 5:17 is a prime example of this, for several reasons. Jesus warns the listeners, “Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets; I have come not to abolish but to fulfill” (Matt. 5:17, NRSV). If it were God directly interacting with the law, it would be easy to omit this verse. However, when the law of the Spirit interacts with the law of sin and death, then it is hard to say that the law has been abolished. Rather, this seems to indicate a replacement, or renewal of the law as the law of the Spirit is a continuation of the plan of God to redeem humanity rather than condemn.
Main Outcome of Romans 8:1-4
The first line of this section of text has a fairly clear description of what the outcome of the work of Christ and the law of the Spirit. “There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus” (Rom. 8:1, NRSV). As a main outcome of this text, this certainly fits the criteria. Especially given the conversation that takes place throughout the book of Romans as a whole.
The drama of the book of Romans speaks to a legal investigation and defense of the guilty party before the offended party and judge. Tom Westwood, who favours the idea of a courtroom drama, points out that this section is the beginning of a new identity process. While the offender began the process as a person of the law of sin and death, this passage is the moment in which they truly are seen as forgiven under the law of the Spirit.
Yet, the question must be asked, was this the outcome that was meant to be highlighted as a thesis statement in this text? Admittedly, this is likely the main outcome that was intended within the passage. It could be said, however, that this passage is also meant to show the depth of the fulfilment of the law that took place in Christ’s death and resurrection. “For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do” (Rom.8:3, NRSV).
In terms of the salvific effort, it is clearly the work of God that brings about the changes in this passage. This is true both in terms of the restoration of humanity, and in terms of the restoration of the law. There was weakness and inability to escape condemnation, and God provided a way for humanity to seek life. The law was likewise weak and incapable of giving life to humanity because of sin, but God found a way to fulfill the law and give hope and life through the law of the Spirit.
While it is clear that there is an action on the part of man, it is also clear that there is a definitive and much greater act on the part of God. Man must “walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit” (Rom. 8:4, NRSV). However, it is through the incredible actions of God that this is even possible, for man was bound to the law, and the law was “weakened by the flesh [and] could not do” (Rom.8:3, NRSV) what it had set out to do.
Pauline Logic and Theology
William M. Greathouse and George Lyons agree that “Romans 8:1-17 is the climax of a section that began at 5:12, as well as the conclusion of Paul’s argument up to this point.” Up until this point, Paul has been drawing parallels between the flesh and the Spirit, but here he shows the potential of humanity to truly live according to the ways of the Spirit in Christ. The claim that sin had over men and women has no power over those who live in Christ Jesus.
This theology of Paul, is also seen elsewhere in his writings, and helps to expound upon what he is saying on this particular occasion. Fred O. Francis and J. Paul Sampley indicate that this passage ties into at least four other works of Paul. Of these, Galatians 5:16-26 seems to further his thoughts the most. Here, Paul is seen to describe what he means by living according to the law of the Spirit as opposed to the old law of sin and death. He begins the passage in very similar terms to what is written in Romans 8, and then adds in a practical living section before returning once again to the language of Romans.
Romans 8:1-4 offers a wonderful view of the Pauline theology of the Covenant between God and His people. While this is only one occasion in which this theology is expressed, it is still a place of rich theological depth. Here, Paul shows that life is offered, and possible for humanity, and that it is the work of God to restore the law that has made this possible.
. John Stott, The Message of Romans: God’s Good News for the World, (Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994), 218.
. Tom Westwood, Romans: A Courtroom Drama, (New York, NY: Loizeaux Brothers Inc., 1949), 144-146.
. William M. Greathouse and George Lyons, Romans 1-8: A Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition, (Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 2008) 225.
. Fred O. Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, 2nd ed., (USA: Fortress Press, 1984), 29.
As a quick note to this citation, there was no location given for Fortress Press’ printing location aside from USA.
Rev. Olivia Phillips